Category: Center News

Register Now! Emerging Infections Then & Now

By , September 8, 2018

In partnership with the Harvard Global Health Initiative and Harvard Medical School’s Department of Global Health and Social Medicine the Center for the History of Medicine, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, is pleased to announce the upcoming event

Emerging Infections Then & Now:
From the Influenza Pandemic to the Antibiotic Resistance Crisis

Tuesday, September 25th, 2018 | 6:30pm – 9:00pm
Lahey Room, Countway Library of Medicine, 10 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115

Registration is required.
Visit https://harvard.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_6KXIVkKTGWlsLZ3 to register.

PROGRAM

6:30pm – 6:45pm – Welcoming Remarks
Scott Podolsky, Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine; Director, Center for the History of Medicine at Countway Library of Medicine

Daniel LuceySenior Scholar, O’Neill Institute; Adjunct Professor of Medicine and Law, Georgetown University; Anthropology Research Associate, Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History


6:45pm – 8:15pm – Public Discussion – Emerging Infections Then & Now
Michele Barry, Professor of Medicine; Senior Associate Dean of Global Health; Director, Center for Innovation in Global Health, Stanford University

Ramanan Laxminarayan, Founder & Director, Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP); Senior Research Scholar & Lecturer, Princeton Environmental Institute, Princeton University; Affiliate Professor, University of Washington; Visiting Professor, University of Kwazulu Natal

Eugene RichardsonAssistant Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

Moderator: Scott Podolsky, Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine; Director, Center for the History of Medicine at Countway Library of Medicine


8:15pm – 8:20pm – Closing Remarks
Scott Podolsky, Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine; Director, Center for the History of Medicine at Countway Library of Medicine


8:20pm – 9:00pm – Exhibition Viewing

Selected items from Center for the History of Medicine historical collections related to the 1918 Influenza Pandemic will be on display

 

 

Announcing the 2018-2019 Women in Medicine Legacy Foundation Fellow

By , September 8, 2018

The Archives for Women in Medicine and Women in Medicine Legacy Foundation are pleased to announce the 2018-2019 Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine Fellow: Carla Bittel, Ph.D.

Carla Bittel, Ph.D. 2018-2019 Women in Medicine Legacy Foundation Fellow

Carla Bittel is Associate Professor of History at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles. She is a historian of nineteenth-century America, specializing in the history of medicine, science, and technology. Her research focuses on gender issues and she has written on the history of women’s health, women physicians, and the role of science in medicine. Bittel is the author of Mary Putnam Jacobi and the Politics of Medicine in Nineteenth-Century America, published with the University of North Carolina Press in 2009. She has published in the journals Centaurus and Bulletin of the History of Medicine, and contributed to the edited volume, Women Physicians and the Cultures of Medicine. Her research has been supported by several grants, including a Scholar’s Award from the National Science Foundation. She is also a co-organizer of the Working Group, “Working with Paper: Gendered Practices in the History of Knowledge,” at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. Her current work examines the politics of gender and phrenology


The Women in Medicine Legacy Foundation Fellowship is offered in partnership with the Women in Medicine Legacy Foundation (formerly the Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine). Information regarding the Fellowship program is available at http://www.wimlf.org/fellowships and https://www.countway.harvard.edu/chom/archives-women-medicine-fellowships.

The Women in Medicine Legacy Foundation was founded with the strong belief that understanding our history plays a powerful role in shaping our future. The resolute stand women took to establish their place in these fields propels our vision forward. We serve as stewards to the stories from the past, and take pride in sharing them with the women of today. Our mission is to preserve and promote the history of women in medicine and the medical sciences, and we look forward to connecting you to our collective legacy that will empower our future.

A program of the Center for the History of Medicine at the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, the Archives for Women in Medicine actively acquires, preserves, promotes, and provides access to the professional and personal records of outstanding women leaders in medicine and the medical sciences.

Registration open for History, Uses, and Future of the Nobel Prize symposium

By , September 7, 2018

The Center for the History of Medicine is excited to announce the forthcoming symposium, The History, Uses, and Future of the Nobel Prize, to be held at Harvard Medical School (HMS) on October 4, 2018 in the Waterhouse Room, Gordon Hall, Harvard Medical School.

Co-sponsored by the Consulate General of Sweden, Heinrich-Heine University, the HMS Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, the HMS Ackerman Program on Medicine & Culture, and the Center for the History of Medicine, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, the program will bring together historians and Nobel laureates to consider the history of the Nobel Prize and its enduring social, political, and scientific roles. The event will feature three panels: “Scientific Credit and the History of the Nobel Prize,” “The Nobel – and Ig Nobel – Prize in Practice, and The Uses and Future of the Nobel Prize.” A complete list of speakers is available on the symposium’s Countway’s events calendar page.

The symposium was organized by Nils Hansson (Heinrich Heine-University), David S. Jones (Harvard Medical School and Harvard University), and Scott H. Podolsky (Harvard Medical School and Director of the Center for the History of Medicine).

Registration is required. Please visit https://libcal.library.harvard.edu/event/4583053 to register.

Harvard School of Public Health Yearbooks Digitized

By , August 28, 2018

The Center for the History of Medicine, in collaboration with the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Alumni Association, recently digitized the school’s yearbook collection, spanning most years between 1952-1971. This digital collection represents all of the copies currently held by the Center for the History of Medicine at the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine at Harvard University.

The digital copies are hosted on Internet Archive, and are discoverable in HOLLIS as well as the Alumni Association’s website.

Other digitized publiations, including a relatively complete collection of course catalogs dating back to the School’s founding in 1913, are listed on a History of Public Health at Harvard LibGuide, created and maintained by the Center.

Manfred S. Guttmacher Papers Open to Research

The Center for the History of Medicine is pleased to announce that the Manfred S. Guttmacher papers, 1928-1964 (inclusive), are open to research.

Manfred Guttmacher was born May 19, 1898, along with his twin brother Alan Guttmacher (1898-1974) in Baltimore, Maryland, to Adolph and Laura (Oppenheimer) Guttmacher. Manfred graduated from Student Park School in Baltimore in 1915. Both Alan and Manfred received their advanced degrees from Johns Hopkins University; Manfred received his B.A. in 1919 and his M.D. in 1923. Manfred held internships at the Johns Hopkins Hospital (1924-1925) and Boston Psychopathic Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (1927-1928).

Guttmacher specialized in criminal psychiatry, including patient care, and engaged in extensive writing and lecturing on crime and mental illness. His career included work on the definitions of insanity and the psychological requirements for responsibility for crime. He was also interested in the development of a revised penal code to replace state codes which were often inconsistent. He was involved in the development of the American Law Institute’s Model Penal Code during the 1950s. This project, funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, sought to establish a comprehensive penal code that could be applied across the United States. Guttmacher was an advocate of the court-appointed expert and the establishment of psychiatric clinics associated with the courts.

Guttmacher was a prolific author, publishing numerous articles and books on criminal psychiatry and psychiatry and the law. Titles include The Mind of the murderer (1960), Sex offenses (1952) and Psychiatry and the law (1952), the last two co-written with Henry Weihofen (1904-1993) who also worked on the Model Penal Code project. Guttmacher was also the author of numerous articles in medical and lay journals. The papers reflect Guttmacher’s personal and professional activities and include correspondence, writings and publications, lectures and speeches, and professional activities records.

 

Center Staff Honored by Harvard Medical School

By , July 10, 2018

It is with great pride that two Center for the History of Medicine, Countway Library staff have been recognized by the Harvard Medical School community for their hard work during the 2017-2018 academic year.

Joan Ilacqua (left) and Libby Bouvier, one of the co-founders of The History Project

Joan Ilacqua, Project Archivist, Archives for Women and Medicine, has received the Harvard Medical School 2018 Dean’s Community Service Staff Award for her work with “The History Project: Documenting LGBTQ Boston.” The award recognizes individuals whose dedication and commitment to community service have made an outstanding positive impact on the local and/or global community.

Dominic Hall accepting the Dean’s Leadership Award at the HMS Town Hall meeting on June 11

Dominic Hall, Curator, Warren Anatomical Museum, has received the 2018 Joseph B. Martin Dean’s Leadership Award for the Advancement of Women Staff.  Initiated in 1988, the yearly award recognizes a Harvard staff member who is committed to the recruitment, retention, and advancement of women at Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Dental Medicine. The award process is organized and coordinated by the Joint Committee on the Status of Women (JCSW) at HMS and HSDM.

The Center is grateful for their efforts, which support Medical Schoool’s commitment to convening and nurturing a diverse community of individuals dedicated to promoting excellence and leadership in medicine and science through education, research, clinical care and service.

Center Receives S.T. Lee Innovation Grant

By , July 10, 2018

The Center for the History of Medicine is pleased to announce that it has received S.T. Lee Innovation Grant funding for its 2018 proposal, “Beyond the Beyond Box.” The application was one of nineteen proposals to bring together Harvard faculty members and library staff; of the nineteen, only six projects were funded. Dominic Hall, Curator, Warren Anatomical Museum, will be spearheading the initiative in partnership with Professor Anne Harrington, Franklin L. Ford Professor of the History of Science.

Plaster head cast made of Phineas Gage by Henry Jacob Bigelow at Harvard Medical School in 1850 to substantiate the specifics of Gage’s neurotrauma

“Beyond the Bone Box” was inspired by Harvard Medical School’s retired bone box program, which enabled medical students to borrow sets of human bones for home study, and developed in partnership with Harvard faculty, curators, archivists, and librarians, this project will develop three circulating resources that contain 3D-printed copies of Warren Anatomical Museum specimens highly contextualized by surrogates of special collections materials. Through this project, the Center seeks to democratize access to unique and sensitive collections through quality fungible surrogates and engender new forms of engagement with Harvard’s special collections across its library system.

The first circulating resource will be a teaching kit built around the case of Phineas Gage, the 19th century railroad foreman whose prefrontal cortex injury has been used to academically and popularly illustrate post-traumatic social disinhibition for the last 150 years.

Project work will begin in September. For the complete list of Lee Innovation Grant award recipients, click here.

Staff Finds: Coronary Angiography Catheter Molds Designed by Sven Paulin

By , June 20, 2018
Coronary angiography catheter molds designed by Sven Paulin. H MS c433. From the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

Coronary angiography catheter molds designed by Sven Paulin. H MS c433. From the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

In 1964, Sven Paulin published his dissertation from his doctoral research at the University of Göteborg, Sweden, “Coronary Angiography: A Technical, Anatomic and Clinical Study.” It was quickly recognized as a landmark contribution to both fields of radiology and cardiology. He later went on to become Radiologist-in-Chief at Beth Israel Hospital (later Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) and the first Miriam H. Stoneman Professor of Radiology at Harvard Medical School, both in Boston, Massachusetts. He is recognized as a pioneer in the field of cardiothoracic imaging, particularly in coronary angiography.

Phases in preparation of double-loop catheter. Page 19 of Sven Paulin's "Coronary Angiography: A technical, anatomic and clinical study." H MS c433. From the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

Phases in preparation of double-loop catheter. Page 19 of Sven Paulin’s “Coronary Angiography: A technical, anatomic and clinical study.” H MS c433. From the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

In his dissertation, he presented an improved and less invasive process of coronary angiography: inserting a specially-designed double-loop catheter through the femoral artery in order to introduce a radiopaque contrast medium that would be detected through radiological imaging of the coronary artery. This technique was soon widely adopted. Paulin continued to work throughout his career to develop and refine the method, considering also the complications of coronary angiography, the side effects and toxicity of various contrast agents, and the quantification of coronary angiogram results.

Paulin designed molds for two catheter sizes (18mm and 24mm, pictured above) for the preparation of the new double-loop catheter. Molding the catheter was a multi-step process, as illustrated in his published dissertation. The catheter was first heated over an open flame, then threaded snugly through the grooves on the mold.  After securing in place with the metal cylinder case, the tip of the mold was immersed first in boiling water, then cooled in cold water. Finally, five holes were pierced into the side of the catheter, before rotating the catheter off of the mold.

Portable coil water heater used by Sven Paulin in the preparation of the double-loop catheter. H MS c433. From the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

Portable coil water heater used by Sven Paulin in the preparation of the double-loop catheter. H MS c433. From the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

While processing the Sven Paulin papers, Center staff found the two catheter molds designed by Paulin during his doctoral research. The portable coil water heater that he used to boil water during the molding process is also part of the collection. These items will be transferred to the Warren Anatomical Museum collection.  Paulin’s papers also include his: teaching and lecture records (including lecture slides and cine angiogram film recordings); writings and publications; professional administrative records generated through his service at both Beth Israel Hospital and Harvard Medical School; records of his participation in professional radiology and cardiology organizations; and personal and professional correspondence, among other papers. For more information on the collection, please contact Jessica Sedgwick, Collections Services Archivist.

Pride Month Collection Highlight: Ethel Collins Dunham and Martha May Eliot

By , June 8, 2018

Ethel Collins Dunham (right) and Martha May Eliot, 1915, Schlesinger Library

Ethel Collins Dunham and Martha May Eliot dedicated their lives and careers to the care of children. The pair met at Bryn Mawr College in 1910 and both women achieved major professional positions and research throughout their careers. They remained a couple until Dunham’s death in 1969.

Ethel Collins Dunham was born in 1883 in Hartford, Connecticut into a privileged family. She graduated from high school in 1901, and then spent several years traveling. She decided to pursue a career in medicine and enrolled in science classes at Hartford High School and graduated from Bryn Mawr College in 1914. She began her medical training at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in 1914 with Martha May Eliot.

Martha May Eliot was born in 1891 in Boston, Massachusetts to a Boston Brahmin family. She enrolled in Radcliffe, but after her first year, went to spend her sophomore year at Bryn Mawr College to pursue a “romantic friendship” with another girl. The relationship did not last, but Eliot met Ethel Dunham, and the two decided to pursue medicine together. Eliot graduated from Radcliffe in 1913, and when Dunham graduated in 1914, they entered Johns Hopkins Medical School together. The two lived together while at school, and attempted to get internships together at Johns Hopkins. Eliot turned down an offered internship at Johns Hopkins because Dunham was not accepted, and took an internship at Peter Brigham Hospital in Boston. Ironically, Dunham was ultimately accepted to Johns Hopkins Hospital. The next year they attempted to coordinate residency, but Eliot took a pediatrics residency at St Louis Children’s Hospital, while Dunham went to New Haven Hospital. The two were unable to reunite until Eliot was invited to be the first chief resident at Yale’s new department of pediatrics.

Both women remained at Yale for many years. Dunham was appointed instructor at Yale School of Medicine in 1920, promoted to assistant professor in 1924 and associate clinical professor in 1927. Eliot also rose through the ranks, serving as instructor, assistant, clinical professor, and then associate clinical professor from 1932 to 1935.

In 1935, Dunham was appointed chief of child development at the Children’s Bureau, where Eliot was appointed assistant chief. Dunham, whose specialty was in newborn babies, and in particular, premature babies, established national standards for the care of newborns. Meanwhile, Eliot was known for her contributions to the studies of rickets, and her public health approach to coordinating studies that established minimum daily vitamin requirements for children to prevent rickets.

Martha May Eliot

From 1949 to 1951, Dunham worked at the World Health Organization, studying premature birth in Geneva. When Eliot was appointed head of the Children’s Bureau in 1951, she and Dunham moved together to Washington, DC. Dunham retired in 1952, and when Eliot resigned in 1957, the women relocated to Cambridge, Massachusetts, where Eliot became the head of the Department of Maternal and Child Health at the Harvard School of Public Health. After retiring in 1960, Eliot continued her work for the World Health Organization and UNICEF, reporting on medical education in Asia and Africa, while also teaching for the American Public Health Association.

Both women had highly decorated careers. In 1948, Eliot was the first woman elected president of the American Public Health Association and was awarded a Lasker Medal. In 1957, Dunham was awarded the John Howland Medal by the American Pediatric Society. She was the first woman to receive the award. Eliot was the second, and was honored in 1967. Eliot was also awarded the Sedgwick Memorial Medal in 1958 by the American Public Health Association (APHA), and in 1964, the APHA commemorated Eliot’s legacy by establishing the Martha May Eliot Award for outstanding service to maternal and child health.

Although Eliot and Dunham had great achievements throughout their careers, they were not strangers to discrimination and homophobia. Eliot, after graduating from Radcliffe College, applied to Harvard Medical School which did not admit women at the time, and both were attacked by Senator James Reed of Missouri in a tirade against the Children’s Bureau in 1921, when he called the bureau out as a place where “the only people capable of caring for babies and mothers of babies are ladies who have never had babies.” Neither woman’s New York Times obituary mentions their relationship, but their records, held at the Center for the History of Medicine and Schlesinger Library shed light onto their public and private lives, as well as their dual contributions to the field of maternal and child health.

For more information on the many contributions of Martha May Eliot and Ethel Collins Dunham, see:

The Archives for Women in Medicine is a program of the Countway Library’s Center for the History of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. The Archives for Women in Medicine actively acquires, processes, preserves, provides access to, and publicizes the papers of women physicians, researchers, and medical administrators. Interested in learning more? Visit countway.harvard.edu/awm or contact Project Archivist Joan Ilacqua.

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