Posts tagged: Twins

Center Opens Collections Related to Physicians of Social Conscience

By , June 17, 2015
Jonathan Beckwith.

Jonathan Beckwith, undated. Harvard Medical School Office of Public Affairs, M-AD06. Publication Visual Resource Records, Series 00297. From the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

The Center for the History of Medicine is pleased to announce that three collections related to physicians and social activism are now open to research, as part of the Center’s Access to Activism Project. These collections are the records of the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (founded 1980), and the papers of Jonathan R. Beckwith (born 1935) and Sanford Gifford (1918-2013).

The International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War is an association of national medical organizations that seek to educate the international community of the dangers of nuclear war and weaponry.  Founded in 1980 by physicians from the United States (Herbert L. Abrams, Eric Chivian, Bernard Lown, and James E. Muller) and Soviet Union (Evgueni Chazov, Leonid A. Ilyin, and Mikhail Kuzin), the organization was awarded the 1984 UNESCO Peace Education Prize and the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize.  The records, 1957-1989 (inclusive), 1980-1987 (bulk), include administrative records, international congress records, petition campaign records, writings and publications, and audiovisual recordings of meetings and lectures, among other records.

Jonathan R. Beckwith is a microbiologist and geneticist at Harvard Medical School whose focus is on bacterial genetics; he is credited with isolating the first gene from a bacterial chromosome in 1969 with James Shapiro (born 1943) and Lawrence J. Eron (born 1944). He has advocated throughout his career for social responsibility in scientific and genetic research, and has also protested genetic, racial, and gender discrimination in science and society.  The papers, 1933-2011 (inclusive), 1965-2004 (bulk), include: Beckwith’s Harvard Medical School teaching and administrative records; research, lectures, and publications concerning the lac operon, disulfide bonds, membrane proteins, and other areas of bacterial genetics and microbiology; and administrative records of Science for the People and various other activist groups.

Finally, Sanford Gifford was a psychiatrist at Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, focusing on the psychiatry of twins, sleep deprivation, stress, psychophysiology, and the history of psychoanalysis, among other topics.  He was also a strong advocate against the Vietnam War, and was an early member of Physicians for Social Responsibility and Medical Aid for Indochina.  The papers, 1895-2013 (inclusive), 1950-2000 (bulk), include: Gifford’s psychiatric research records, lectures, and publications; oral histories and publications on the history of psychoanalysis; professional appointments records; and administrative and conference records for various professional and activist organizations.

The project, funded by a Hidden Collections grant by the Harvard University Libraries, sought to increase visibility and access to collections created by physicians of social conscience in order to reach a broad audience across the sciences, social sciences, and humanities.  For more information on the project and these collections, please contact Emily R. Novak Gustainis, Head, Collections Services.

This post was updated to correct a previous statement regarding the founding and founders of the organization, 2018 April 03.

Sanford Gifford Papers Processing has Commenced, as part of Access to Activism Project

By , April 22, 2015
Sanford Gifford, 1962.

Sanford Gifford, 1962. Portrait Collection. From the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

After treating solders in World War II with what would later be labeled post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Sanford R. Gifford became a strong anti-war advocate, becoming especially active during and after the Vietnam War.  His personal and professional papers are one of numerous collections created by activist physicians held by the Center.  We are pleased to announce that processing of the Sanford R. Gifford papers, 1956-1986 (inclusive), has commenced, as part of the Center’s Access to Activism project.

Gifford (1918-2013) was Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, Senior Associate in Medicine (Psychiatry) at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, Instructor at the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, and Staff Psychiatrist at the VA Hospital, West Roxbury, Massachusetts.  His psychiatric research focused primarily on psychological development and psychiatric disorders in twins, psychosomatic disorders, psychology of sleep, post-traumatic stress disorder, rheumatoid arthritis, and the history of psychiatry and psychoanalysis.  He served as Librarian and Director of the Library and Archives for the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, and chaired the History and Archives Committee of the American Psychoanalytic Association.  He also served on the editorial boards of both Medical Heritage and the Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association.  As a social activist, Gifford was an early member of Physicians for Social Responsibility and an organizer of Medical Aid to Indochina.  He published numerous scientific papers, as well as two books: Edward Bibring Photographs the Psychoanalysts of his Time, 1932-1938 (2005), edited with Daniel Jacobs and Vivien Goldman; and The Emmanuel Movement: The Origins of Group Treatment and the Assault on Lay-Psychotherapy, 1904-1929 (1997).  The papers are the product of Gifford’s professional, research, publishing, and activist activities, and include his research records, professional appointments records, public speaking records, committee and membership records for professional and activist organizations, correspondence, writings and publications, personal diaries, and collected publications.  They are expected to be open to research in 2015.

The Access to Activism project is funded by a Hidden Collections grant from the Harvard University Libraries.  In addition to the Sanford Gifford papers, the project will also open the collections of other physicians of social conscience, including: the Jonathan Beckwith papers, 1933-2011 (inclusive), 1965-2004 (bulk); and the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War records, 1957-1989 (inclusive), 1980-1987 (bulk).  For more information on the project, please contact Emily R. Novak Gustainis, Head, Collections Services.

Panorama Theme by Themocracy